Sunday, November 09, 2008
A Fateful Day
Berlin Wall at Bernauer Strasse, 1961
Berlin Wall Memorial at Bernauer Strasse, 2008
At least six historic events have occured in Germany on November 9th. Some have been quite horrendous, and others cheerful. The most recent event to occur on this day was in 1989 with the opening of the Berlin Wall. This night became a key date in German reunification.
Deutsche Welle has some good articles about the event.
Bridging the Divide
Germany also marks this date as the anniversary of the 'Kristallnacht', known in English as the Night of Broken Glass. German Chancellor Angela Merkel marked the event with Jewish leaders at Germany's biggest synagogue in Berlin. She called on all Germans to reject anti-Semitism and racism, and said that the crimes that began 70 years ago, on November 9, must never be repeated. On this day in 1938, Nazi Germany launched its first pogrom against Jews, killing scores, injuring and arresting thousands of others, and attacking Jewish property. The night is considered a harbinger of the Jewish holocaust (Deutsche Welle).
Recently, the largest synagogue in Berlin was renovated.
Germany's Largest Synagogue Reopens in Berlin